Best answer: john locke (august 29, 1632 - october 28, 1704) was an english philosopher locke is considered the first of the british empiricists, but is equally important to social contract theory. The differences between the philosophers' view on social contract, as you will have noticed, mainly spring from differences regarding their view on human nature the differences in the proposed role of the state in the three theories follow these conflicting views. The enlightenment saw the development of social contract theory of which hobbes and locke were the principal exponents the theory of social contract is essentially a morally justified agreement made amongst individuals through which an organised society is brought into existence. John locke's political philosophy, entry by alexander moseley, in the internet encyclopedia of philosophy john locke bibliography , maintained by john attig (pennsylvania state university) images of locke , at the national portrait gallery, great britain. Basic philosophies of hobbes, locke, and rousseau serves as a foundation for american democracy and the revolution in early american history.
The next great social contract theorist, john locke, though he always declared himself opposed both to hobbes's philosophical foundations, and the authoritarian conclusions hobbes drew from them, presented and defended in two treatises of government (1688), a thoroughly individualist social contract theory for locke, the contract is among. The social contract theory was later supported and interpreted further by john locke this theory which was important to the two philosophers explains the relationship between the state and the. There are some similarities it is also believed that locke was influenced by hobbes's view -despite not engaging with him directly - which can be seen in how he rejects major parts of the hobbesian social contract.
John locke and thomas hobbes were both social contract theorists and natural law theorists they were philosophers in the sense of saint thomas rather than sir issac newton locke can rightfully be considered once of the founding fathers in the philosophy of liberalism and had a gigantic influence over both great britain and america. Social contract, in political philosophy, an actual or hypothetical compact, or agreement, between the ruled and their rulers, defining the rights and duties of each in primeval times, according to the theory, individuals were born into an anarchic state of nature, which was happy or unhappy according to the particular version. This is a central theory of john locke's social contract theory according to montesquieu, this was the purpose of separation of powers and checks and balances to ensure that one branch of government does not get to powerful.
Hobbes theory of social contract supports absolute sovereign without giving any value to individuals, while locke and rousseau supports individual than the state or the government 4 to hobbes, the sovereign and the government are identical but rousseau makes a distinction between the two. The most basic difference lies in their view of human nature for hobbes, humans are eager of power and under the state of nature we tend to kill each other for this reason, we need a social contract (in order to survive.
John locke and thomas hobbes were known as social contract theorists as well as natural law theorists however, they are both completely different in terms of their stand and conclusions in several laws of nature thomas hobbes was an english philosopher from malmesbury he became famous when his. John locke's social contract theories differed in one key aspect from others locke felt that mankind's natural state was of freedom and individuals entered into a contract with other people to ensure that freedom the basis of early social contract theories the concept of a social contract started. The first modern philosopher to articulate a detailed contract theory was thomas hobbes (1588-1679) according to hobbes, the lives of individuals in the state of nature were solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short, a state in which self-interest and the absence of rights and contracts prevented the social, or society. The differences between john locke and jean jacques rousseau have to do as much with attitudes as with systems both advocated political liberalism and religious tolerance, but their conceptions.
The social contract theory is a virtual agreement between members of society delegating their authority to a governmental body for protections it allows citizens freedoms to live without fear of experiencing mistreatment by a stronger more capable person in a relatively normal manner. Locke also believed in social contract theory, yet, whereas hobbes believed the monarch gained unlimited power once that initial contract was implicitly recognized, locke claimed the social. Locke's private property views, respecting their origin in natural law and defense by the social contract, are clearly liberal in the classic sense rousseau social contract theory, on the other hand, borders on the authoritarian, similar to those of thomas hobbes.