The second red scare essay 2843 words | 12 pages the second red scare the mccarthy era, which generally spanned from 1947 to 1957, brought to the forefront of american politics the question of civil rights. Mccarthyism / the red scare senator joseph r mccarthy was a little-known junior senator from wisconsin until february 1950 when he claimed to possess a list of 205 card-carrying communists employed in the us department of state from that moment senator mccarthy became a tireless crusader against communism in the early 19. On february 9, 1950, senator joseph mccarthy stepped into the spotlight of national attention with a speech given at wheeling, west virginia mccarthy was nearing the end of his first term as senator and needed a big issue to energize his run for a second term. After world war ii,when americans began to fear communist takeover in the united states, senator joseph mccarthy, used smear tactics, bullying, and innuendo to identify and purge communists and fellow travelers in government.
Beginning in 1950, senator joseph mccarthy launched a campaign, which came to be known as mccarthyism, to identify and eliminate suspected communists in america. The term red scare is used to describe periods of extreme anti-communism in the united states red comes from the color of the soviet union flag scare comes from the fact that many people were scared that communism would come to the united states there were two red scare periods the first. For example, two prime events were the red scare and the numerous speeches by the senator joseph mccarthy that eventually developed the idea of mccarthyism soon after world war ii, president truman and his administration were determined to stand up to the soviet union with the belief that the united states had won the right to be the political. Joseph mccarthy during the 1954 senate hearings (click for source) to this day, mccarthyism survives as an epithet for unfounded fear-mongering about subversion in government and society it refers, of course, to senator joseph mccarthy of wisconsin, who reached his political apogee in the early 1950s.
Senator joe mccarthy and the red scare who was joe mccarthy background to the red scare was the threat real persecution key accomplices victims of mccarthyism. Joseph raymond mccarthy (november 14, 1908 - may 2, 1957) was an american politician who served as a republican us senator from the state of wisconsin from 1947 until his death in 1957. Joseph mccarthy was a united states senator representing the state of wisconsin he served in the senate from 1947 until his death in 1957 at the age of 48 during his life, mccarthy went to law school and became the youngest circuit court judge in wisconsin. Joseph mccarthy claims targets wisconsin senator joseph mccarthy gives a speech in wheeling, virginia, dramatically claiming, i have in my hand a list of 205 cases of individuals who appear to be either card-carrying members or certainly loyal to the communist party within the united states state department.
Already infamous for his aggressive interrogations of suspected communists, wisconsin senator joseph r mccarthy (1908-1957) earned more notoriety via these televised 1954 congressional hearings. The excesses of senator joseph r mccarthy's anti-communist crusade led to his eventual censure by the us senate, and his downfall credit: image courtesy of american memory at the library of congress the revelations of soviet spy networks in the united states, and the hearings of the house un. The term mccarthyism comes from senator joseph mccarthy, who spearheaded the drive to defeat communist infiltration, despite having no proof for many of his accusations mccarthyism peaked during the second red scare of 1950-56. Enemies from within: senator joseph r mccarthy's accusations of disloyalty wisconsin republican joseph r mccarthy first won election to the senate in 1946 during a campaign marked by much anticommunist red-baiting. Joseph mccarthy and mccarthyism - the second red scare was a period of heightened fears of the soviet union and the political ideology of communism.
Deliberate attempts to ignite a domestic red scare by a powerful coalition of american conservatives, notably the fbi, significant elements in the business community, the catholic church, and, especially, an increasingly politically desperate republican party. In this lesson, students will study the effects of the actions of joseph mccarthy and the red scare on american life in the 1950's during the warm up, students will be set up to replicate the actions of senator mccarthy by. Joseph mccarthy gave a speech with a list of 205 known communists in american department state department , in 1950, senator joseph r mccarthy began a sensational campaign against communists in government that led to more than four years of charges and countercharges, ending when the senate censured him in 1954.
Mccarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence the term refers to us senator joseph mccarthy and has its origins in the period in the united states known as the second red scare, lasting from the late 1940s through the 1950s and characterized by heightened political repression as well as an alleged campaign spreading fear of. The big red scare died out along with its poster-child joseph mccarthy's fall from grace indeed, truman once said that, i think the greatest asset that the kremlin has is senator mccarthy indeed, truman once said that, i think the greatest asset that the kremlin has is senator mccarthy. The red scare is the promotion of a potential rise of communism in the united states the second red scare happened between 1947-1954 and sen joseph mccarthy feared that soviet, korean and chinese communist spies occupied the federal government which later turned out to be false.
The ability to be a credible person can go a long way in a time of panic, which was the case with senator joseph mccarthy during the red scare in the 1950s during that time senator mccarthy made some accusations of people being communist that were for the most part believed during the early 1950s. The second red scare joseph mccarthy • although the red scare started before him, many historians consider senator joseph mccarthy to be its personification. In a dramatic confrontation, joseph welch, special counsel for the us army, lashes out at senator joseph mccarthy during hearings on whether communism has infiltrated the us armed forces.
The red scare was the catalyst that eventually led to joseph mccarthy's infamous practices this quiz focuses on this time period and the efforts taken by and against mccarthy quiz & worksheet goals. Jean mccarthy, the widow of us sen joseph r mccarthy, walks behind his casket with members of the senator's family at the cemetery at st mary's catholic church in appleton on may 7, 1957. Popularly known as mccarthyism after senator joseph mccarthy (r-wisconsin), who made himself famous in 1950 by claiming that large numbers of communists had infiltrated the us state department, the second red scare in fact predated and outlasted mccarthy, and its machinery far exceeded the reach of a single politician.